Agile Project Management (APM)

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Iterative Project Management, Scrum, Lean, Kanban


What is Agile Project Management?

Agile Project Management is a methodology that is commonly used in software development and other industries that value flexibility, customer satisfaction, and high-quality output. It is an iterative process, where projects are divided into small, manageable units called ‘sprints’. This allows for frequent reassessment and adjustment of plans.

Key Principles of Agile Project Management

  • Customer satisfaction through continuous delivery of valuable software
  • Embracing change for the customer’s competitive advantage
  • Regular adaptation to changing circumstances
  • Close, daily cooperation between business people and developers

Advanced Aspects of Agile Project Management

Agile Project Management is not just a process, but a mindset. It requires a cultural shift in organizations, where collaboration, flexibility, and customer focus are valued above rigid processes and plans. Agile teams are self-organizing and cross-functional, which means they have all the competencies needed to accomplish the work without depending on others not part of the team.

Usage Examples

1. A software development company uses Agile Project Management to deliver updates to their product every two weeks. This allows them to quickly adapt to customer feedback and market changes.

2. A marketing team uses Agile principles to regularly reassess and adjust their campaign strategies based on real-time performance data and customer responses.

3. A manufacturing company uses Agile Project Management to continuously improve their production processes, reducing waste and increasing efficiency.

Historical Context

The Agile Project Management approach was formally introduced in 2001 with the Agile Manifesto. It was a response to the limitations of traditional project management methods, which were seen as too rigid and slow for the fast-paced, changing nature of software development.


  • Agile means no planning: Agile involves continuous planning and reassessment
  • Agile is only for software development: Agile principles can be applied to any project that requires flexibility and customer focus
  • Agile teams don’t need managers: Agile teams are self-organizing, but they still need leaders for guidance and support


  • Agile vs Waterfall: Agile is flexible and iterative, while Waterfall is linear and sequential
  • Agile vs Scrum: Agile is a methodology, while Scrum is a framework for implementing Agile
  • Agile vs Lean: Agile focuses on flexibility and customer value, while Lean focuses on efficiency and eliminating waste

Related Concepts

  • Scrum
  • Lean
  • Kanban
  • Product Owner
  • Product Backlog
  • Sprint
  • Stand-up Meeting
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